I say that every prince must desire to be considered merciful and not cruel.

timi ɛ, abal a gb y ym awɛnɔ́ too ogbɔl gɔlɛwo. ogbɔl wɛiyo ́.

I say QT, NM.PL.elder they idph(all) they.IRR want.HORT PL.people see NM.SG.heart.his good.NC. NM.SG.heart.his bad.NC NEG.

I say all leaders should desire that people see his good heart. Not a cruel heart.

 

He must, however, take care not to misuse this mercifulness.

tiɛl , tnd lemara le u coru, le bɔndɔl ńcɛ otiaŋken ́.

same but, he.IRR see.HORT.LOC NM.love it he plant, it tall.CAUS NM.field NM.crying.NC NEG.

Even so, he must see that the mercy he plants does not grow a field of sadness.

 

Cesare Borgia was considered cruel,

awɛnɔ́ timi ɛ, bal sisaa boodyia, u sɔ́tsɔ ogbɔl wɛiyo.

PL.people say QT, father NAME, he have.PAST NM.heart bad.NC

People say Sir Cesare Borgia had a cruel heart.

 

but his cruelty had brought order to the Romagna,

, ogbɔl wɛiyo u peŋkil mosɔmb ti domaaɲa ́.

but, NM.heart.his bad.NC it stop.CAUS PL.trouble at NAME in.

But his cruel heart made the troubles stop in Romagna.

 

united it, and reduced it to peace and fealty.

lewɛi le u cru, le bɔ́ndɔl owɔmbɔ ́ ogbɔl awɛn y hiŋ, n y mbiy okpasaa.

NM.bad it he plant.PAST, it be.tall.CAUS NM.forest LOC NM.heart PL.people.NC they.IRR lie.down.POT, and they.IRR have.POT NM.strength.

The cruelty he planted, it grew a forest where the heart of the people can lie down, and they can have strength

 

If this is considered well, it will be seen that he was really much more merciful than the Florentine people,

lo awɛnɔ́ lambol sɛ gb, ya too bal sisaa yŋ leml aflrɛ́ɛ́nsno.

if PL.people think if all, they see father NAME surpass NM.mercy PL.Florence.AGENT

If people think hard at this, they will see that Sir Cesare surpassed in mercy the Florentines.

 

who, to avoid the name of cruelty, allowed Pistoia to be destroyed.

abal aflrɛ́ɛ́nsinoa timi ɛ, ŋɛ sɔtsɔ ogbɔl wɛiyo ́, otsirɛ pisitoya tsɛ tsimi, n ya tusu yɛ́-o-yɛ́ ́.

PL.father PL.Florence.AGENT.NC say QT, we have NM.heart bad.NC NEG, but NM.town NAME AUX destroy.STA, and they act anything NEG.

The fathers of the Florentines said We do not have a cruel heart but the town (of) Pisitoiya was destroyed and they did not do anything.

 

A prince, therefore, must not mind incurring the charge of cruelty

lo awɛnɔ́ timi obal sɔtsɔ ogbɔl wɛiyo, w olpu.

if PL.people say NM.father have NM.heart bad.NC, he.IRR throw.away.HORT NM.shame

If people say a leader has a cruel heart, he should throw away shame.

for the purpose of keeping his subjects united and faithful;

lo u coru lewɛi , lo u kulam letiɛlɛ n okpaasa , le legɔliɛ.

if he plant NM.bad if, if he harvest NM.agree and NM.strong, it surpass NM.good.

If he plants cruelty, if he harvests agreement and strength, it surpasses goodness.

 

for, with a very few examples, he will be more merciful than those who, from excess of tenderness,

lo u sɔtsɔŋ awɛnɔ́ pum ogbɔl wɛiyo , u yòŋ lml abande ya sɔtsɔŋ awɛnɔ́ gbi ogbɔl gɔlɛwo b!

if he have.APP PL.people few NM.heart bad.NC if, he surpass.FUT NM.mercy PL.father.NC they have.APP PL.people all NM.heart good.NC idph(of excess)

If he has a cruel heart for a few people, he will surpass in mercy the fathers who have a good heart for all people too much.

 

Note: has irregular tone. LH pattern of FUT is indicated by H on the following syllable l-ml.

Note: abal+le > abande.

 

allow disorders to arise, from whence spring bloodshed and rapine;

abal ayaŋ cum awɛnɔ́ mosɔmb. tsididiu gb. wokukui gb.

PL.father those deny people PL.trouble. PL.kill.PLU(NOM) all. PL.steal.PLU(NOM) all

Those fathers do not deny people (from making) trouble. Everybody killing! Everybody stealing!

 

for these as a rule injure the whole community,

asɔmbno bentu otsirɛ gb gbɔgbɔɔŋ.

PL.trouble.AGENT make NM.town all it.IRR be.hurt..PLU.POT

Troublemakers make the whole town able to be hurt many times.

 

while the executions carried out by the prince injure only individuals.

lo obal diu asɔmbno pum , u bɔbɔɔlel awɛnɔ́ pɔpɔ́ ́.

if NM.father kill PL.trouble.AGENT few if, he suffer.PLU.CAU PL.people many NEG.

If a leader kills some troublemakers, he does not cause to suffer many, many people .

 

Original Text

"I say that every prince must desire to be considered merciful and not cruel. He must, however, take care not to misuse this mercifulness. Cesare Borgia was considered cruel, but his cruelty had brought order to the Romagna, united it, and reduced it to peace and fealty. If this is considered well, it will be seen that he was really much more merciful than the Florentine people, who, to avoid the name of cruelty, allowed Pistoia to be destroyed. A prince, therefore, must not mind incurring the charge of cruelty for the purpose of keeping his subjects united and faithful; for, with a very few examples, he will be more merciful than those who, from excess of tenderness, allow disorders to arise, from whence spring bloodshed and rapine; for these as a rule injure the whole community, while the executions carried out by the prince injure only individuals."

 

Tseeyo Text

timi ɛ, abal a gb y ym awɛnɔ́ too ogbɔl gɔlɛwo. ogbɔl wɛiyo ́. tiɛl , tnd lemara le u coru, le bɔndɔl ńcɛ otiaŋken ́. awɛnɔ́ timi ɛ, bal sisaa boodyia, u sɔ́tsɔ ogbɔl wɛiyo. , ogbɔl wɛiyo u peŋkil mosɔmb ti domaaɲa ́. lewɛi le u cru, le bɔ́ndɔl owɔmbɔ ́ ogbɔl awɛn y hiŋ, n y mbiy okpasaa. lo awɛnɔ́ lambol gb, ya too bal sisaa leml aflrɛ́ɛ́nsno. abal aflrɛ́ɛ́nsinoa timi ɛ, ŋɛ sɔtsɔ ogbɔl wɛiyo ́, otsirɛ pisitoya tsɛ tsimi, n ya tusu yɛ́-o-yɛ́ ́. lo awɛnɔ́ timi obal sɔtsɔ ogbɔl wɛiyo, w olpu. lo u coru lewɛi , lo u kulam letiɛlɛ n okpaasa , le legɔliɛ. lo u sɔtsɔŋ awɛnɔ́ pum ogbɔl wɛiyo , u yòŋ lml abande ya sɔtsɔŋ awɛnɔ́ gbi ogbɔl gɔlɛwo b! abal ayaŋ cum awɛnɔ́ mosɔmb. tsididiu gb. wokukui gb. asɔmbno bentu otsirɛ gb gbɔgbɔɔŋ. lo obal diu asɔmbno pum , u bɔbɔɔlel awɛnɔ́ pɔpɔ́ ́.

 

Reinterpreted Text

I say all leaders should desire that people see his good heart. Not a cruel heart. Even so, he must see that the mercy he plants does not grow a field of sadness. People say Sir Cesare Borgia had a cruel heart. But his cruel heart made the troubles stop in Romagna. The cruelty he planted, it grew a forest where the heart of the people can lie down, and they can have strength. If people think hard at this, they will see that Father Cesare surpassed in mercy the Florentines. The fathers of the Florentines said We do not have a cruel heart but the town (of) Pisitoia was destroyed and they did not do anything. If people say a leader has a cruel heart, he should throw away shame. If he plants cruelty, if he harvests agreement and strength, it surpasses goodness. If he has a cruel heart for a few people, he will surpass in mercy the fathers who have a good heart for all people too much. Those fathers do not deny people (from making) trouble. Everybody killing! Everybody stealing! Troublemakers make the whole town able to be hurt many times. If a leader kills some troublemakers, he does not cause to suffer many, many people .